The testicles — also called testes — are two oval-shaped organs in the male reproductive system responsible for producing sperm and male hormones such as testosterone. The testicles are contained in a sack of skin called the scrotum which hangs outside the body behind the penis.

Disorders of the testes or trauma to the testes can lead to serious complications, including hormonal imbalances, sexual dysfunction, and infertility. Additionally, the loss of the testes can have a negative psychological effect and may impact your self-esteem and/or self-confidence.

Some of the more common disorders that affect the testes include the following:

  • Testicular trauma or physical injury
  • Testicular torsion
  • Testicular rupture
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism)